Friday, 17 April 2020

AN ACCOUNT OF RAJI AND HIS SONS | HARIVAMSA PARVA SECTION - 28

CHAPTER XXVIII

(AN ACCOUNT OF RAJI AND HIS SONS)


VAISHAMPAYANA said :- O king, Ayu had five sons who were all heroic and mighty car-warriors. They were begotten on Swvarbhānu's daughter (1). Of them Nahusha was born first and next to him Vriddhasharmā. Afterwards Rambha, Raji and Anena were born; they were all well-known in the three worlds (2). Raji begat five hundred sons who were known on earth by the name of Rājeyas. Those Kshatriyas made even Indra terrified (3). When the terrible battle, between the gods and demons, came to pass they went to the Grandfather and said "O lord of all the gods, say who amongst us will he crowned with victory. We wish to hear it from you (4-5)."



BRAHMA said :- Forsooth they will conquer the three worlds on whose behalf the king Raji will take up arms in battle (6). Wherever Raji is, there is forbearance; and wherever forbearance reigns there is prosperity. And wherever forbearance and prosperity are there exist morality and victory (7)."

O foremost of Bharatas, pleased with what they heard from the Grandfather, the gods and demons, with a view to gain victory, went to Raji for making him their commander (8). Raji was the grandson of Swarbhānu and was begotten on his daughter Prabha. That highly powerful king multiplied the race of Soma (9). The gods and demons, all with delighted minds, said to Raji:- "Do you, for accomplishing own victory, take up a most excellent bow and arrows" (10).

Then identifying his own interest with that of theirs and displaying his own glory the king Raji said to the gods and demons (11). "O Indra and gods, I shall then only engage in fight if I can attain to the dignity of Indra after vanquishing the demons in battle (12)."

The gods were at first delighted and said, "O king, whatever you wish it will be; your desire shall be fulfilled (13)."

Hearing the words of the gods the king Raji said to the leading Asuras what he had spoken to the gods (14). Thinking it conducive to their own interest the haughty Dānavas, with great indignation, replied to that king (15). "Pralhāda is our lord for whom we seek victory. O foremost of kings, fulfill the contract that you have made with the gods for obtaining the kingdom (16)."

Having said "so be it" he was appointed by the god, (their commander). Then entering upon the contract that he would become Indra the king slew all the Dānavas whom the wielder of thunderbolt could not kill (17). Having brought about the destruction of all the Danavas the highly beautiful, powerful and self-controlled king Raji regained the lost prosperity of the gods (18).

Then Satakratu,[1] with all the gods, said to Raji "I am Raji's son." He again addressed him saying :--"Forsooth you have become the lord of all creatures, O sire. I, Indra, have become your son and I shall gain renown by this action" (19-20).

[1] Lit. performer of hundred sacrifices, a name of Indra

Hearing the words of Satakratu and having been imposed on by his Māyā the king Raji delightedly said to the king of gods "Let it be so" (21). After the ascension to heaven of that god-like king his sons took away from the lord of gods his celestial kingdom following the practice that ancestral properties should be equally distributed amongst all the sons (22). Raji's five hundred sons simultaneously attacked Trivisthapa and the celestial kingdom of Indra (23).

After the lapse of many years the king of gods, being deprived of his kingdom and share in the sacrificial offerings, grew very feeble. He then said to Vrihaspati "O Brahmarshi, do thou arrange for me clarified butter of the weight of a Jujube fruit so that I may live on its strength (24-25). O lord, having snatched away my kingdom from me the sons of the king Raji have made me emaciated, absent-minded, shorn of seat and energy, weak and stupid" (26).

VRIHASPATI said :- O sinless one, if you had said this to me before I would not have been required to do an unfair work for your well-being (27). I shall however, O king of gods, surely strive to do you good and you will soon regain your kingdom and due share of the sacrificial offerings (28). O my child, I will make arrangements for this and let not your mind be possessed by stupefaction." He then did some thing for increasing the energy of the king of gods (29). 

The foremost of the twice-born then brought about the derangement of their (Raji's sons') understanding. For this purpose he wrote a treatise on atheism, the best of all works on Tarka, dealing with attacks against religion and much liked by the impious. Those, who regard religion as the supreme (end of life), do not line this system  (30-31). Listening to the contents of that treatise written by Vrihaspati the ignorant sons of Raji began expressing their disgust at the previous works on Dharmasāstra (32). They began respecting highly that atheistical system of their preceptor. By this irreligious act those sinners met with destruction (33).

Having gained, by the favour of Vrishapati, the kingdom of the three worlds which it is so hard to acquire the king of gods was highly pleased (34). The sons (of the king Raji) Grew foolish, maddened with anger and irreligious. They began to hate the Brahmanas and were shorn of energy and prowess. Thereupon slaying those sons of Raji possessed by anger and lust the king of the celestials regained his prosperity and kingdom (35-36). He, who listens to or meditates on the account of the loss of kingdom by the king of gods and of the restitution of his prestige, is never visited by any oppression (37).

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