Friday, 20 March 2020

AN ACCOUNT OF MANWANTARAS | HARIVAMSA PARVA SECTION 07

CHAPTER VII

(AN ACCOUNT OF MANWANTARAS)


Janamejaya said:—O Vaishampayana, O you having asceticism for your wealth, do you describe at length all the Manwantaras and the creations previous to them (1). O. Brahman, I wish to hear, in sooth, of all the Manus and the extent of their reigns (2).

Vaishampāyana said:—O descendant of Kuru, I cannot give a detailed account of Manwantaras even in hundreds of years. Do you hear from me in brief (3). O descendant of Kuru, Swayambhuva, Swārochisha, Auttami, Tāmasa, Raivata, Chakshusha, the present Manu Vaivaswata, the four Manus Savarne, Bhoutya, Rouchya and Manu Sāvarna—these all are Manus. I have described, as I have heard, of Manus, present, past and future. I will now describe the Rishis, the sons of Manus, and the celestials who were born in the various Manwantaras (4-7). Marichi, the reverend Atri, Angira, Puloha, Kratu, Pulastya and Vasishtha—these seven are the sons of Arahmā (8). O king, during Swāyambhava Manwantara there were seven Rishis and the celestials by the name of Yamas in the north. Agnidhra, Agnivāhu, Medha, Medhātithi, Vasu, Yotishman, Dyutiman, Havya, Savana and Putra: these were the ten highly powerful sons of Manu Swayambhuva. I have thus described to you, O king, the first Manwantara (9–11). O child, during Swārochisha Manwantara narrated by Vayu, Aurva, the son of Vasistha, Stambha, the son of Kagyapa, Prāna, Vrihaspati, Datta, Atri and Chyavana—these were the great Rishis of great vows and Tushitas were the gods (12-13). Havirdhra, Sukriti, Jyoti, Apomurti, Ayaprathita, Nabhasya, Nabha and Urja—these were the sons of the high-souled Swarochisha Manu. They have been described, O king, as being gifted with high energy and prowess (14–15). I have thus described to you the second Manwantara. Hear, O king, I shall describe the third (16). The seven sons of Vasishtha, celebrated under the name of Vasishtha and the highly energetic sons of Hiranyagarbha by name Sutejas were the seven Rishis, as I have said. O monarch, Auttama had ten beautiful sons. Hear I shall describe them (17–18). They were Isha, Urja, Tanurjja, Madhu, Mādhava, Suchi, Sukra, Saha, Nabharya and Nabha (19). It is said that the Bhanus were the celestials in that Manwantara. Hear, I shall describe the fourth Manwantara (20). O descendant of Bharata, Kāvya, Prithu, Agni, Jahnu, Dhāta, Kapivan and Akapivān—these were the seven Rishis (21), O descendant of Bharata, in Puranas their sons and grandsons have been mentioned. Satyas were the celestials in Tāmasa Manwantara (22). O king, I shall now enumerate the sons of Tamasa Manu-Dyuti, Tapasya, Sutapa, Tapomula, Tapogana, Taporati, Akalmāsha, Tanvi, Dhanvi and Parantapa—these ten were the sons of the highly powerful Manu Tāmasa. So Vayu has said (23-24). During the fifth Manwantara Vedavāhu, Yadudhra, Muni, Vedaçira, Hiranyaroma, Parijanya, Somasuta, Urdhavahu, Atreya and Satyanetra were the seven Rishis. The celestials of that period passed under the name of Abhutarajas—having their nature not permeated by the quality of darkness. There were also two other classes of celestials by the name of Pāriplava and Raivya (25–27). Hear, I shall enumerate the names of their sons—Dhritimān, Avya, Yukta, Tatwadarshi, Nirutsuka, Arany, Prakāsha, Nirmoha, Satyavāk and Kadi were the sons of Manu Raivata-and this is the fifth Manwantara (28-29). Hear, O king, I shall describe the sixth Manwantara. Bhrigu, Nabha, Vivaswān, Sudhāmā, Virajā, Atinamā and Sahishnu these were the seven Rishis in the sixth Manwantara. Hear the names of the celestials who flourished in Chākshusha Manwantara (30–31). O king, Adya, Prasuta, Rishabha Prithokbhava and Lekha—these have been recorded as the five classes of deities. The high-souled and the highly energetic sons of Angiras were the Rishis (32). O monarch, those ten sons, Uru and others, passed under the name of Nādvaleyās. This is known as the sixth Manwantara (33). Atri, the reverend Vasistha, the great saint Kaçyapa, Goutama Bharadwaja, Vishwāmitra, the reverend Jamadagni, the son of the high-souled Richika-these seven Rishis are now living in heaven (34–35). The Sādhyas, Vishwas, Rudras, Vasus, Maruts, Adityas, Vaivaswān, the two Açwinis are now all living during the present Manwantara of Vaivaswat. He had ten high-souled sons headed by Ikshwāku (36–37). O descendant of Bharata, the sons and grandsons of those great Rishis of great energy are living in all the quarters (38). In all the Manwantaras, as in the previous Kalpa, exist the forty nine Maruts for protecting and governing the people (39). After the expiration of a Manwantara twenty Maruts, having performed heavenly deeds, attain to the region of Brahmā freed from all dangers (40). Thereupon others, observing rigid austerities, succeed them. O descendant of Bharata, I have thus described to you the past and present Manwantaras as well as the seven Manus, O descendant of Kuru. Hear, I shall describe the Manwantara that is to come (41–42). Hear from me an account of the five Sāvarni Manus; of them one is the son of the Sun and the four are the offspring of Prajapati Paramesthi. O king, they are the grandsons of Daksha and sons of Pryā. Because those mighty and energetic ones carried on hard austerities on the mount Meru they were called Meru Sāvarni (43–44). The son of the Patriarch Ruchi was celebrated by the name of Rouchya. The son whom Ruchi begat on Bhuti came by the name of Bhoutya (45). Hear now of the seven Rishis of Sāvarni Manwantara, who have not come as yet and who are said to be living in the celestial region (46). Rāma, Vyāsa, the effulgent and celebrated Atreya, the highly energetic Aswathama, the son of Drona, the son of Bharadwāja, Kripa, the son of Goutama's son Saradvān, Gālava, the son of Kushika and Ruru, the son of Kaçyapa—these seven high souled ones are the future Munis. These seven Rishis are equal to Brahmā and fortunate (47-49). By asceticism practised from their very birth, by their knowledge of sacred formulae and grammar they will secure a position in the region of Brahmā and will be celebrated as pure Brāhmana saints (50). Being repeatedly born in every Yuga beginning with the golden, the noble and truthful seven Rishis institute the various orders and lay down their duties. They are endued with the knowledge of the present, past and future, have themselves become, by means of their asceticism, well known, just and considerate. By the knowledge of formulae, and grammar and by their spiritual insight they see everything like an emblic myrobalam in their hands. They are known as seven Rishis by their sevenfold qualities. They are long-lived, far-sighted and have seen the God. They are the first born, well-versed in various duties and the founders of various families (51-55). When virtue suffers any deterioration, the Rishis, the originators of Mantras (mystic formulae) and Brāhmanas are repeatedly born in their families (56). When all the Rishis are capable of conferring boons and are all respectively great there is no evidence of the time when they flourished and of their age (57). O king, I have thus described to you the seven Rishis. O best of the Bhārata race, hear now of the future sons of Manu Sāvarni (58). Varian, Avarian, Sammala, Dhritimān, Vasu, Varishna, Arya, Dhrishnu, Rāja and Sumati, these are the ten future sons of Manu Sāvarni, O descendant of Bharata (59). Hear, I shall enumerate the names of the Munis of the reign of the first Manu Sāvarni. Medhatithi, the son of Palastya, Kavyapa's son Vasu, Bhrigu's son Yotismāna, Angira’s son Dyutimāna, Vasistha's son Savana, Atri's son Havyavāhana and Poulaha—these seven Rishis flourished in Rohita Manwantara. O king, these were the three classes of deities (60–62). They were the sons of the Patriarch Rohita,—the son of Dhksha, Manu's son Dhrishthaketu, Panchahotra, Nirakriti, Prithu, Shravā, Bhuridyumna, Richaka, Vrihata and Gaya, these were the sons of the highly energetic first Manu Savarni during the second Manwantara of the tenth order. Pulaha's son Havishmān, Bhrigu's son Sukriti, Atri's son Apomurti, Vasishtha's son Ashwathāma, Pulastya's son Pramati, Kagyapa's son Nabhāga and Angira's son Nabhasa Satya—these were the seven great saints (63–66). The two classes of the deities and the Rishis have (already) been enumerated. Manusuta, Uttamanjā, Kunishanja, Viryāvān, Satānika, Niramitra, Vrishasena, Jayadratha, Bhuridyumna and Suvarcha—these ten were Manu's sons (67–68). Hear, I shall enumerate the names of the seven Rishis who flourished during the eleventh period of the third Manwantara. Kaçyapa's son Havishmān, Bhrigu's son Havishman, Atri's son Taruna, Vasishtha's son Taruna, Angira's son Urudhisna, Pulastya’s son Nischara, Pulaha's son Agnitejā,—these are the future seven great Rishis (69–71). It is said that Brāhma's sons, the deities were divided into three classes. Sarvatraga, Susharmā, Devānika, Purudvaha, Kshemadanva, the long-lived Adarsha, Parudaka and Manu—these were the nine sons of the third Manu Sāvarni (72–73). Hear from me the names of the seven Rishis of the fourth Manwantara.

They were Vasishtha's son Dyuti, Atri's son Sutapa, Pulastya's son Taposhana, and Pulaha's son Taporavi. Know Bhrigu's son Tapovriti as their seventh. It is said, there were five classes of deities—the mind-born sons of Brahmā (74–76). Devavāyu, Adura, Devasreshtha, Viduratha, Mitravān, Mitradeva, Mitrasena, Mitrakrit, Mitravaha, and Suvarcha—these are the sons of the twelfth Manu (77). During the thirteenth Manwantara that is to come Angira's son Dhritiman, Pulastya's son Havyapa, Pulaha's son Tatwadarshi, Bhrigu’s son Nirutsuka, Atri's son Nishprakampa, Kacyapa's son Nirmoha and Vasishtha's son Sutapa will be the seven Rishis and three classes of deities as mentioned by the self-sprung (Brahmā) (78–80). During the thirteenth Manwantara Manu's sons were the sons of Ruchi, Chitrasen, Vichitra, Naya, Dharmacrit, Dhrita, Sunetra, Kshatra, Vriddhi, Sutapa, Nirbhaya, and Drida—these were the sons of Manu Rouchaya in the thirteenth Manwantara (81-82). During the fourteenth Manwantara of Manu Bhoutya, Kacyapa's son Agnidhra, Pulasta's son Bhargava, Bhrigu's son Ativahu, Angira's son Suchi, Atri's son-Yukta, Vasistha's son Asukra, and Pulaha's son Ajita were the last seven Rishis (83–84). Chanting the glory of their period a man attains happiness, great renown and long life (85.) He, who recites always the names of the great Rishis, past and present, becomes long-lived and gains renown. O foremost of the Bharatas, five classes of deities, it is said, flourished then (86). Tarangabhirā, Bushma, Tarashmān, Ugra, Abhimāni, Pravira, Jishuu, Sangkrandana, Tejashi, and Savala are the sons of Manu Bhoutya. With the completion of Bhoutya Manwantara one Kalpa will be complete (87-88) I have thus enumerated the names of the past and future Manus. O king, these Manus with with their children, rule over the earth extending to the ocean for thousands of Yugas and govern the subjects with asceticism. And they also in time perish away as usual (89–90).

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அக்ரூரன் அக்னி அசமஞ்சன் அதிரதன் அந்தகன் அரிஷ்டன் அர்ஜுனன் அனு அஜமீடன் அஸ்தி ஆபவர் ஆயு ஆஹுகன் இந்திரன் இளை உக்ரசேனன் உக்ராயுதன் உசீநரன் உதங்கர் உபரிசரவசு உல்பணன் ஊர்வசி ஊர்வர் ஏகலவ்யன் ஔர்வர் கக்ஷேயு கங்கை கசியபர் கண்டரீகர் கண்டூகன் கபிலர் கமலாதேவி கம்ஸன் கருடன் கர்க்கர் கர்ணன் காதி காந்திதேவி கார்த்தவீர்யார்ஜுனன் காலநேமி காலயவனன் காலவர் காளியன் கிருஷ்ணன் குசிகன் குணகன் குரோஷ்டு குவலயாபீடம் குவலாஷ்வன் கூனி கைசிகன் சகடாசுரன் சக்ரதேவன் சங்கன் சததன்வன் சத்யகர்மன் சத்ருக்னன் சத்வதன் சந்தனு சந்திரன் சனத்குமாரர் சன்னதி சாணூரன் சாந்தீபனி சால்வன் சிசுபாலன் சித்திராங்கதன் சிருகாலன் சிவன் சுனீதன் சூரன் சூரியன் சைசிராயணர் தக்ஷன் தசரதன் தந்தவக்ரன் தமகோஷன் தரதன் தன்வந்தரி தாரை திதிக்ஷு திரிசங்கு திரிவிக்ரை திருமிலன் திரையாருணன் திலீபன் திவோதாஸன் துந்து துந்துமாரன் துருவன் துஷ்யந்தன் தூம்ரவர்ணன் தேவகன் தேவகி தேவாவ்ருதன் தேனுகன் நந்தன் நரகாசுரன் நஹுஷன் நாரதர் நாராயணன் நாராயணி நிகும்பன் நிசுந்தன் நித்ராதேவி நீபன் பஞ்சஜனன் பத்மாவதி பப்ரு பயோதன் பரசுராமர் பரதன் பரத்வாஜர் பலராமன் பார்வதி பிரதீபன் பிரம்மதத்தன் பிரம்மன் பிரலம்பன் பிரஸேனன் பிராசேதஸ் பிராப்தி பிருது பிருதை பிருஹதாஷ்வன் பிருஹஸ்பதி பீஷ்மகன் பீஷ்மர் புதன் புரூரவன் பூதனை பூமாதேவி பூரு பூஜனி மதிராதேவி மது மதுமதி மயன் மஹாமாத்ரன் மாயாதேவி மார்க்கண்டேயர் முசுகுந்தன் முஷ்டிகன் யசோதை யது யயாதி யுதிஷ்டிரன் ரஜி ராமன் ருக்மவதி ருக்மி ருக்மிணி ரேவதி ரைவதன் ரோஹிணி லவணன் வசிஷ்டர் வருணன் வஸு வஸுதேவன் வாயு விகத்ரு விதர்ப்பன் விப்ராஜன் விரஜை விருஷ்ணி விஷ்ணு விஷ்வாசி விஷ்வாமித்ரர் விஷ்வாவஸு விஸ்வகர்மன் வேனன் வைவஸ்வத மனு ஜராசந்தன் ஜஹ்னு ஜாம்பவான் ஜியாமோகன் ஸகரன் ஸத்யபாமா ஸத்யவிரதன் ஸத்ராஜித் ஸத்வான் ஸஹஸ்ரதன் ஸ்ரீதாமன் ஹயக்ரீவன் ஹரி ஹரியஷ்வன் ஹரிஷ்சந்திரன் ஹிரண்யகசிபு